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Anirban                        Dutta

Anirban Dutta PhD

Department of Biomedical Engineering

Assistant Professor of Biomedical Engineering

Specialty/Research Focus

Clinical Neurophysiology; Neurobiology; Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

 
Professional Summary:

As director of UB’s Neuroengineering and Informatics for Rehabilitation Laboratory (NIRlab), I conduct interdisciplinary research in neural engineering, the application of engineering to the neurosciences. My academic and research training in neurotechnology, motor rehabilitation, clinical neurophysiology and cerebrovascular medicine provides me with the expertise for translational research focused on developing computational models and hardware technologies for neural interfaces to monitor and activate beneficial neural function.

My research transcends conventional academic boundaries in my overarching goal to treat, cure and even prevent neurological disorders using ‘electroceuticals’--bioelectronics that stimulate the nervous system. Specifically, my research is directed toward an enhanced understanding of the neurophysiological mechanisms associated with the relearning of visomotor function. My special focus on neurorehabilitation uses neuroengineering and informatics to leverage human-machine interfaces. Here, the human brain and body act in concert with biofeedback and multilevel neurostimulation to promote neuroplasticity and lead to neurorestorative therapy. I am developing electroencephalography (EEG) and electromyography (EMG) and near-infrared spectroscopy-based (NIRS) portable multimodal imaging to understand skeletal, muscle and brain physiology during noninvasive electrical stimulation.

If achieved, the bench-to-bedside translation of electroceuticals, developed through innovations in computational methods and instrumentation, will have a very high societal impact since neurological disorders—e.g., stroke and dementia-- will likely dramatically increase as the world population ages.

I collaborate with researchers from industry and academia locally as well as from across the globe in conducting the interdisciplinary translational research of NIRlab. I welcome undergraduate, graduate engineering students and medical students to work with me. I am particularly interested in medical students who are focused on clinical neurophysiology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, e.g. students from the departments of Neurology, Neurosurgery, Orthopaedics and the Rehabilitation Sciences.

Additionally, I teach courses in neural and rehabilitation engineering. My courses are open to engineering students and medical students, especially those with interest in the application of engineering methods to the clinical neurophysiology and rehabilitation sciences.

Education and Training:
  • MS, Cerebrovascular Medicine, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin (2014)
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, Clinical Neurophysiology, University Medical Center Göttingen (2012)
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, Bionic Medicine, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (2010)
  • PhD, Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University (2009)
  • MS, Mechanical Engineering, University of Florida (2002)
  • BS, Engineering, Jadavpur University (1999)
Employment:
  • Assistant Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, University at Buffalo, the State University of New York (2016-present)
  • Co-founder and Chief Advisor, NeuroTrix LLC (2015-present)
  • Visiting Researcher, Dept. Psychology and Neurosciences, Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, Germany (2016)
  • Starting Research Scientist, Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée center, Inria, the French National Institute for computer science and applied mathematics, University of Montpellier, France (2012–2015)
  • Engineering Specialist, Janelia Farm Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute (2008–2009)
  • Graduate Research Assistant, Biomedical Engineering, Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University (2004–2008)
  • Graduate Research and Teaching Assistant, Engineering Science and Mechanics/Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (2003)
  • Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Florida (2000–2002)
  • Assistant Systems Analyst, Mumbai SEEPZ SDF III, Tata Consultancy Services, India (1999–2000)
Awards and Honors:
  • IFESS Travel Award (2012)
  • Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship, Germany (2010)
  • Grand Prize for research poster at Research ShowCASE2008, Cleveland (2008)
  • First Prize for research poster at Research ShowCASE2007, Cleveland (2007)
  • Certificate of Outstanding Academic Achievement at University of Florida (2002)
  • Tau Beta Pi membership (2002)
  • Merit prize at NASA Tech Briefs/Emhart Teknologies “Create the Future” Design Contest (2002)

Patents:
  • SMART EYE SYSTEM FOR VISUOMOTOR DYSFUNTION DIAGNOSIS AND ITS OPERANT CONDIT Disclosed herein is a system that uses an eye tracker for diagnosing and facilitating rehabilitation therapy of a patient suffering from disability. The system creates a human machine interface (HMI) that integrates various low cost biosensors and artificial sensors for conducting rehabilitation therapy. The system combines spinal and supra-spinal feedback of the patient with the operant conditioning to facilitate visuomotor balance therapy (VBT), thereby reducing fall risk in disability survivors. The operant conditioning setup for shaping of visuomotor learning to bring about new behavior or to modify a certain aspect of an existing behavior is used for rehabilitation therapy that includes a behaviour response apparatus, a reward delivery system, a stimulus delivery system, and a behaviour control system. The system can also be extended to the patient's home for providing telerehabilitation therapy.
  • SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING NEUROVASCULAR REACTIVITY TO BRAIN STIMU System and methods for stimulating the neurovascular system of the cerebral tissue through optimally placed devices, while simultaneously measuring the evoked neuronal and hemodynamic responses, also using optimally placed devices, is disclosed. Systems and methods for iteratively stimulating the neurovascular system and recording neuronal and hemodynamic responses are also disclosed. Further, a method for determining cerebral neurovascular functioning from the combined stimulation and measurement is disclosed, for use in diagnosis of neurovascular disorders.

Journal Articles:
See all (10 more)

Professional Memberships:
  • The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey
  • The Society for Neuroscience; The Society for Neuroscience is a professional society, headquartered in Washington, DC, for basic scientists and physicians around the world whose research is focused on the study of the brain and nervous system.

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Contact Information

215J Bonner Hall
Department of Biomedical Engineering
University at Buffalo
Buffalo, NY 14260
Phone: (716) 645-9161
Fax: (716) 645-2207
Email: anirband@buffalo.edu


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