Department of Ophthalmology
Professor & Chairman
Ophthalmology; Pathophysiology; Pediatric Ophthalmology; Retina; Vision science
Dr. Reynolds has various research interests in pediatric ophthalmology, but his main niche is retinopathy of prematurity. ROP is a disease of the developing immature retinal vasculature, modulated by hyperoxia/hypoxia micro environments in the retina, which can lead to neovascularization, scarring, and potential blindness. Dr. Reynolds is a recognized expert in the field and is the author of many peer reviewed articles and several invited review chapters. His NIH funding has been nearly continuous while at U.B. while participating in several multi-center clinical trials in ROP as center P.I. and project director.
Dr. Reynolds was the center P.I. at U.B. for the first large treatment trial for ROP, CRYO-ROP. This trial established the first known effective treatment for this high socioeconomic impact disease. As center P.I. he participated in the group collaborative publications as well as co authoring many individually by-lined papers (Ref. 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 28, 29, 31, 32, 37, 40, 42). His successful and productive work as a center P.I. on this trial led to the funding for the LIGHT-ROP multi-center trial for which he served as project director and lead P.I. This trial definitively answered a long debated hypothesis in ROP i.e. that ambient light was not a causal factor in ROP (Ref. 38, 41, 45, 47). Dr. Reynolds was again selected as a center P.I. for the next large multi-center ROP trial, ET-ROP, which just reported its primary results demonstrating that earlier laser treatment for this disease was effective.
Although all multi-center clinical trials are cooperative agreements at the NIH and thus are funded as UO1s rather than RO1s, Dr. Reynolds was an integral participant in all the ROP trials from the mid-eighties to the present, leading one, and actively co-authoring many of the studies?publications as noted in the bibliography. The future of Dr. Reynolds?ROP research will undoubtedly involve more funded multi-center trials. However, a basic science collaboration into the pathophysiology of ROP in an animal model is planned, investigating the renin-angiotension connection.