Munmun Rawat MD

Munmun Rawat

Munmun Rawat
MD

Research Assistant Professor

Department of Pediatrics

Jacobs School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences


Specialty/Research Focus

Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine; Neonatology; Pediatrics

Contact Information
UBMD Pediatrics
Division of Neonatology
1001 Main Street
Buffalo, NY 14203
Phone: (716) 323-0260
Fax: (716) 323-0294
munmunra@buffalo.edu


Patient Care

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Professional Summary:

As a neonatologist working in Western New York’s most advanced neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)--at the John R. Oishei Children’s Hospital--I care for critically ill preterm and term newborn infants. My expertise includes caring for extremely premature infants and the associated comorbidities that often come with premature birth as well as hypoxic respiratory failure, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy and pulmonary hypertension.

My research focuses on comparing the use of vasopressin and epinephrine during neonatal resuscitation in a translational ovine model. My goal is to understand the physiology of pulmonary transition at birth in asphyxia and to compare the effectiveness of epinephrine and vasopressin during resuscitation. The results of this study will have a pronounced clinical impact by improving resuscitation guidelines that hasten recovery and reduce death and neurological disability following birth asphyxia.

I also conduct clinical research, in our mother-baby unit, on the use of oral dextrose gel in the treatment of neonatal hypoglycemia. The results thus far have shown reduction in NICU admissions for neonatal hypoglycemia, which prevents separating mothers from their babies.

Interested fellows and residents are welcome to work in our sheep lab and conduct basic science research with me. They are also welcome to participate in my clinical studies and quality improvement projects.

I teach medical students, pediatrics residents and neonatal-perinatal medicine fellows. When on service, I teach the residents and fellows during daily morning bedside rounds. I assess my trainees’ level of knowledge; based on that, I teach them about our patients’ clinical conditions, their diagnoses and the care they will need. I also teach my trainees various procedures such as umbilical line and peripheral arterial line placements and endotracheal intubation and chest tube placements. I also give core lectures to the residents and fellows. During didactic teaching, I include multiple choice questions to get an idea of where my trainees stand--and then I build upon my presentations to address specifically the needs of my trainees. Most of my teaching is interactive; I believe in engaging my students and trainees as much as possible in critical thinking and active discussion so that they can absorb and retain knowledge.

Education and Training:

  • Fellowship, Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, University at Buffalo (2015)
  • Residency, Pediatrics, Brookdale University Hospital and Medical Center (2011)
  • Internship, Pediatrics, Brookdale University Hospital and Medical Center (2009)
  • Internship, Pediatrics, Gandhi Medical College (2007)
  • MD, Medicine, Gandhi Medical College (2006)

Employment:

  • Attending Physician, Neonatology, UBMD Pediatrics, Oishei Children's Hospital (2017-present)
  • Research Assistant Professor, Pediatrics, University at Buffalo (2017-present)
  • Junior Resident, Division of Cardiology, Internal Medicine, Bhopal Memorial Hospital and Research Center, India (2008)

Awards and Honors:

  • Eastern Society for Pediatric Research: Meritorious Poster Award (2018)
  • Canadian Paediatric Society - Neonatal Resuscitation Program: Research Grant Award (2016)
  • Neonatal Resuscitation Program Lecture: Invited Faculty (2016)
  • American Academy of Pediatrics - Neonatal Resuscitation Program: Young Investigator Award (2015)
  • Neonatal Cardiopulmonary Biology Young Investigator's Forum: Finalist (2014)
  • Pediatric Academic Societies - Discovery Lab: Attendance Grant Award (2014)
  • Eastern Society for Pediatric Research: Travel Grant Award (2014)
  • Eastern Society for Pediatric Research: Travel Grant Award (2012)
  • Brookdale University Hospital and Medical Center: Best Senior Resident Award (2011)
  • Gandhi Medical College: Gold Medals in Medicine, ENT, Microbiology, and Pharmacology (2006)
  • Gandhi Medical College: Silver Medal in Final Year (MBBS) (2006)
  • Dreyfus Foundation: Best Research Project Award - "Vaginal Discharge and Education on Hygiene of Adolescent Girls in Bhopal" (2004)

Research Expertise:

  • Apnea of prematurity
  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
  • Feedback devices during resuscitation
  • Gas exchange and noninvasive method of assessing effective ventilation and chest compression
  • Inhaled nitric oxide
  • Medication administration during resuscitation
  • Neonatal bioinformatics
  • Neonatal epidemiology
  • Neonatal hypoglycemia and dextrose gel
  • Neonatal resuscitation
  • Oxygen use in preterm/term infants
  • Placental transfusion (delayed cord clamping and milking)
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Vasopressor use for systemic hypotension

Grants and Sponsored Research:

  • March 2017–March 2020
    Vasopressin and Epinephrine in Neonatal Resuscitation
    University at Buffalo: Dr. Henry C. and Bertha H. Buswell Fellowship
    Role: Principal Investigator
  • January 2017–January 2018
    Use of Vasopressin in Neonatal Resuscitation
    Canadian Paediatric Society: Neonatal Resuscitation Program
    Role: Principal Investigator
    $12,500
  • January 2015–January 2016
    Optimal Oxygen Saturation Range During Resuscitation Following Severe Asphyxia
    American Academy of Pediatrics
    Role: Principal Investigator
    $15,000

Journal Articles:

See all (5 more)

Professional Memberships:

  • Brooklyn Pediatric Society
  • Society for Pediatric Research: Fellows Section

Presentations:

  • "Evaluation of Effect of Different Flush Volumes After Epinephrine Dose in Neonatal Model of Asphyxial Arrest" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies, Prenatal and Perinatal Practices (2018)
  • "Norepinephrine - An Alternative Vasopressor to Dopamine for Management of Systemic Hypotension in a Preterm Model" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies, Neonatal Pulmonology: Bedside of the Future (2018)
  • "Optimal Inspired Oxygen Concentration During Chest Compressions in Term Lambs with Perinatal Asphyxia-Induced Cardiac Arrest" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies, Neonatal/Infant Resuscitation (2018)
  • "Placental Transfusion During Resuscitation of a Partially Asphyxiated Preterm Model" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies, Prenatal and Perinatal Practices (2018)
  • "Vasopressin is Not More Effective than Epinephrine in an Ovine Model of Perinatal Asphyxial Arrest" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies, Neonatal/Infant Resuscitation 1 (2018)
  • "Evaluation of Effect of Different Flush Volumes After Epinephrine Dose in Neonatal Model of Asphyxial Arrest" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2018)
  • "Norepinephrine - An Alternative Vasopressor to Dopamine for Management of Systemic Hypotension in a Preterm Model" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2018)
  • "Optimal Inspired Oxygen Concentration During Chest Compressions in Term Lambs with Perinatal Asphyxia-Induced Cardiac Arrest" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2018)
  • "Placental Transfusion During Resuscitation of a Partially Asphyxiated Preterm Model" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2018)
  • "Vasopressin is Not More Effective than Epinephrine in an Ovine Model of Perinatal Asphyxial Arrest" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2018)
  • "Apnea, Bradycardia and Desaturation Spells in Premature Infants - A Protocol for Duration of ‘Spell-Free‘ Observation Period Prior to Discharge" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2017)
  • "Pulse Oximetry, Electrocardiogram and Capnography - Role in Detecting Return of Spontaneous Circulation (ROSC) in a Neonatal Model of Cardiac Arrest" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2017)
  • "Response to Inhaled Nitric Oxide is Not Altered by Whole Body Hypothermia" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2017)
  • "Apnea, Bradycardia and Desaturation Spells in Premature Infants - A Protocol for Duration of ‘Spell-Free‘ Observation Period Prior to Discharge" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2017)
  • "Effect of Inspired Oxygen Concentration on Pulmonary and Systemic Hemodynamics and Oxygenation During Resuscitation of Preterm Lambs" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2017)
  • "Impact of Respiratory Therapist Driven Weaning Protocol on Duration of Inhaled Nitric Oxide Therapy in Neonates" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2017)
  • "Pulse Oximetry, Electrocardiogram and Capnography - Role in Detecting Return of Spontaneous Circulation (ROSC) in a Neonatal Model of Cardiac Arrest" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2017)
  • "Response to Inhaled Nitric Oxide is Not Altered by Whole Body Hypothermia" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2017)
  • "Continuous Capnography Monitoring During Resuscitation in Neonatal Asphyxial Cardiac Arrest" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2016)
  • "Does NIRS Regional Saturation (rSO2) Correlate with Tissue Oxygen Delivery?" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2016)
  • "Epinephrine (EPI) in Neonatal Resuscitation in a Term Lamb Model of Perinatal Asphyxial Arrest" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2016)
  • "Maternal Hyperoxygenation Does Not Increase Fetal Cerebral Oxygen Delivery" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2016)
  • "Oral Dextrose Gel Reduces Need for Intravenous Fluids in Neonatal Hypoglycemia" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2016)
  • "Continuous Capnography Monitoring During Resuscitation in Neonatal Asphyxial Cardiac Arrest" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2016)
  • "Effect of SpO2 on Pulmonary Hemodynamics, Oxygen Delivery and Oxidative Stress in Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS)" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2016)
  • "Maternal Hyperoxygenation Does Not Increase Fetal Cerebral Oxygen Delivery" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2016)
  • "Optimal Target Oxygen Saturation in Term Gestation" Neonatology Thruway Conference (2015)
  • "Continuous Capnography (End Tidal CO2) Monitoring During Neonatal Resuscitation" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2015)
  • "Inhaled Nitric Oxide (iNO) in Early Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) and Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure (HRF) in Preterm Infants" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2015)
  • "Optimal Target Oxygen Saturation (SpO2) in Term Lambs with Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS) and Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn (PPHN)" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2015)
  • "Continuous Capnography (End Tidal CO2) Monitoring During Neonatal Resuscitation" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2015)
  • "Inhaled Nitric Oxide (iNO) in Early Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) and Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure (HRF) in Preterm Infants" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2015)
  • "Optimal Target Oxygen Saturation (SpO2) in Term Lambs with Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS) and Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn (PPHN)" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2015)
  • "Oxygen Saturation Index and Severity of Hypoxic Respiratory Failure" Neonatology Cardiopulmonary Biology Young Investigator‘s Forum (2014)
  • "Is Oxygen Saturation Index (OSI) a Valid Indicator of Neonatal Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure?" Annual Conference, Pediatric Academic Societies (2014)
  • "Norepinephrine is a More Selective Systemic Vasoconstrictor Compared to Dopamine in Preterm Lambs" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2014)
  • "Oxygenation Indices and Correlation with Pulmonary Vascular Resistance" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2014)
  • "Significance of Apnea at Birth Following Cesarean Section Under General Anesthesia" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2014)
  • "Is Oxygen Saturation Index (OSI) a Valid Indicator of Neonatal Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure?" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2014)
  • "Norepinephrine is a More Selective Systemic Vasoconstrictor Compared to Dopamine in Preterm Lambs" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2014)
  • "Oxygenation Indices and Correlation with Pulmonary Vascular Resistance" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2014)
  • "Significance of Apnea at Birth Following Cesarean Section Under General Anesthesia" Annual Conference, Eastern Society for Pediatric Research (2014)
  • "An Effort to Cut Down Excessive Use of Computer Tomography (CT) Scan in Patients with Closed Head Trauma in Pediatric Emergency Room (ER)" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2012)
  • "Is Lumbar Puncture Required in Asymptomatic Newborns with Maternal Intrapartum Fever?" Annual Meeting, Pediatric Academic Societies (2012)
  • "Selective Fluconazole Prophylaxis for Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) Infants Colonized with Candida" 34th Annual Scientific Meeting, New York Perinatal Society (2011)
See all (35 more)

Service Activities:

  • ‘Illustrative Neonatology by Satyan‘ App; Co-Designer (2017–present)
  • American Journal of Perinatology; Ad Hoc Reviewer (2016–present)
  • Journal of Pediatrics; Ad Hoc Reviewer (2016–present)
  • Journal of Perinatology; Ad Hoc Reviewer (2016–present)
  • Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology; Ad Hoc Reviewer (2016–present)
  • Pediatric Research; Ad Hoc Reviewer (2016–present)
  • Pediatrics (Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics); Ad Hoc Reviewer (2016–present)
  • World Journal of Pediatrics; Ad Hoc Reviewer (2016–present)
  • Good Samaritan Hospital: Division of Neonatology; Clinical Observer (2008)
  • New York Methodist Hospital: Division of Nephrology; Clinical Observer (2007–2008)
  • St. Peter's University Hospital and RWJ Hospital: General Surgery; Observer (2007)
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Cancer Hospital and Research Center (Bhopal, India); Research Assistant (2007)

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Contact Information

UBMD Pediatrics
Division of Neonatology
1001 Main Street
Buffalo, NY 14203
Phone: (716) 323-0260
Fax: (716) 323-0294
munmunra@buffalo.edu

Looking for a doctor? This faculty member is affiliated with UBMD, the group comprised of practicing physicians who are also professors in the UB Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences.

View this faculty on UBMD