Research in our lab has largely focused on the bidirectional relationships between alcohol and social/interpersonal relationships. One of the specific questions that we have addressed is whether excessive alcohol use is a factor in bar violence, intimate partner violence, parenting behavior, and child outcomes. We have conducted this research on experimental, marital and parent-child interaction, event-based, and longitudinal studies and have made important theoretical and empirical contributions to our understanding of alcohol and adverse social outcomes. A second question that we have addressed is the individual difference, intimate partner, and social relationships that influenced alcohol and substance use among young adults. Our research has shown that over the transition to marriage, marital satisfaction plays a pivotal role in the reduction of heavy drinking, both directly as well as indirectly by leading to changes in the social network. Moreover, our research has demonstrated the importance of discrepant substance use patterns as predictors of marital disruptions.
Education and Training:
Fellowship, Alcohol/Psychiatric Epidemiology, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic (1984)
PhD, Clinical Psychology, Kent State University (1981)
MA, Clinical Psychology, Kent State University (1978)
BA, Psychology, Kent State University, Magna Cum Laude (1976)
Director, Research Institute on Addictions (2011-present)
Research Professor, Psychiatry, University at Buffalo Jacobs School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences (1997-present)
Research Professor, Psychology, University at Buffalo Faculty of Arts and Letters (1986-present)
Senior Research Scientist, Research Institute on Addictions (Formerly Research Institute on Alcoholism) (1986-present)
Principal Research Associate, Family Interaction Project, University of Pittsburgh Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic (1984–1986)
Postdoctoral Fellow in Psychiatric/Alcohol Epidemiology, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine (1981–1984)
Quigley, BM, Leonard KE. (1999) Husband alcohol expectancies, drinking, and marital conflict styles as predictors of severe marital violence among newlywed couples. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors (Jan), 13(1): 49-59.
Leonard KE, Quigley BM, Collins RL. (2003) Drinking, personality, and bar environmental characteristics as predictors of involvement in barroom aggression. Addictive Behaviors (Jan), 28(9): 1681-1700.
Edwards EP Eiden RD Leonard KE. (2004) Impact of father's alcoholism and associated risk factors on Parent-Infant Attachment Stability from 12 to 18 months. Infant Mental Health Journal (Jan), 25(6): 556-579.
Derrick JL, Leonard KE, Quigley BM, Houston RJ, Testa M, Kubiak A. (2010) Relationship- specific alcohol expectancies in couples with concordant and discrepant drinking patterns. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (Jan), 71: 761-768.
Leonard KE, Quigley BM. (1999) Drinking and marital aggression in newlyweds: An event-based analysis of drinking and the occurrence of husband marital aggression. Journal of Studies on Alcohol (Jan), 60(4): 537-545.
Giancola PR, Raskin White H, Berman ME, McCloskey MS, Greer TF, Spatz Widom C, Chermack ST, Leonard KE, Collins RL, Quigley BM. (2003) Diverse research on alcohol and aggression in humans: In memory of John A. Carpenter. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research (Jan), 27(2): 198-208.
Testa M, Quigley BM, Leonard KE. (2003) Does alcohol make a difference? Within-subjects comparison of incidents of partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence (Jan), 18: 735-743.
Quigley BM, Leonard KE. (1996) Desistance from marital violence in the early years of marriage. Violence and Victims (Jan), 11: 355-370.
Homish GG, Leonard KE, Quigley BM, Collins RL. (2005) Context-related drinking assessment in a community sample. Journal of Substance Use (Jan), 10: 355-361.
Quigley BM, Leonard KE. (2006) Alcohol expectancies and intoxicated aggression. Aggression and Violent Behavior: A Review Journal (Jan), 11: 484-496.
Leonard KE, Quigley BM, Collins RL. (2003) Alcohol consumption and the occurrence and severity of aggression: An event-based analysis of male to male barroom violence. Aggressive Behavior (Jan), 29: 346-365.
Leonard KE Collins RL Quigley BM. (2003) Alcohol consumption and the occurrence and severity of aggression: An event-based analysis of male to male barroom violence. Aggressive Behavior (Jan), 29: 346-365.
Quigley BM, Leonard KE. (2005) Alcohol use and violence among young adults. Alcohol Research and Health (Jan), 28: 191-194.
Homish GG Leonard KE Collins RL Quigley BM. (2005) Context-related Drinking Assessment in a Community Sample. Journal of Substance Use (Jan), 10: 355-361.
Leonard KE, Quigley BM, Collins RL. (2002) Physical aggression in the lives of young adults: Prevalence, location, and severity among college and community samples. Journal of Interpersonal Violence (Jan), 17(5): 533-550.
Edwards EP Leonard KE Eiden RD. (2001) Temperament and behavioral problems among infants in alcoholic families. Infant Mental Health Journal (Jan), 22(3): 374-392.
Leonard KE Quigley BM Collins RL. (2002) Violence in the lives of young adults: Prevalence, location, and severity among college and community samples. Journal of Interpersonal Violence (Jan), 17: 533-550.
Collins RL, Quigley BM, Leonard KE. (2007) Women’s physical aggression in bars: An event-based examination of causes and predictors of severity. Aggressive Behavior (Jan), 33: 304-313.
Leonard KE. (1989) The impact of explicit aggressive and implicit nonaggressive cues on aggression in intoxicated and sober males. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin (Jan), 15(3): 390-400.
Quigley BM, Leonard KE. (2000) Aggression and violence: An introductory text. In: Alcohol, drugs, and violence. Allyn and Bacon., 259-283.
Quigley BM, Leonard KE. (2013) Principles of Addiction. In: Drinking patterns, alcohol consumption, and aggressive behavior. Elsevier/Academic Press, 617-625.
Collins, RL, Quigley, BM, & Leonard, KE. (2001) Prevention and control of aggression and the impact on its victims. In: Prediction of bar violence among young adults. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers., 275-283.
Quigley BM, Leonard KE, Testa M, Houston R, Kubiak A. (2015) ). Husband alcohol use and both partners’ executive cognitive functioning longitudinally predict intimate partner violence (Abstract #P801). (Jan) 211A
Scalco M, Leidenfrost CM, Quigley BM, Testa M, Houston RJ, Brown WC, Leonard KE, Antonius D. (2016) Alcohol use impacts recidivism rates differently in individuals with mood versus psychosis spectrum disorders (Abstract #406). (Jan) 117A
Quigley BM, Houston R, Antonius D, Leonard KE. (2016) Alcohol use moderates the relationship between symptoms of mental illness and violence (Abstract #407). (Jan) 117A
"Research on alcohol and violent behavior: Where we’ve been, where we are, and where we might go." Presentation at the 6th Annual Joint NIAAA/INSERM meeting (2010)
"Alcohol use and aggressive behavior among adult men and women" International Society for Research on Aggression World Meeting; International Society for Research on Aggression (2010)
"Alcohol as a Cause in Marital Violence; Converging Evidence from Different Methodologies" Presentation at the Brock University (2010)
"Gender asymmetry in the frequency of violence among mutually violent newlywed couples." National Summit on Interpersonal Violence and Abuse Across the Lifespan: Forging a Shared Agenda (2010)
"Alcohol’s role in domestic violence" Department of Psychiatry Grand Rounds, University of Michigan (2009)
"Alcohol’s role in marital violence; Converging evidence on causality and vulnerability." Presentation at the 2nd German Congress on Addiction, (2009)
"Intimate partner violence: Current controversies and their relevance in clinical settings" University at Buffalo Psychiatry/Medicine Update (2008)
"Alcohol and intimate partner violence: The converging evidence on causality and vulnerability" Annual Conference of the International Society for Research on Aggression (2008)
"Excessive alcohol use and intimate partner violence" Grand Rounds at the University of Connecticut, School of Medicine: Department of Psychiatry (2008)
"Social influences on adult substance use: Intimate partners and peers." ; University of Connecticut; School of Medicine: Department of Psychiatry (2008)
"The role of alcohol and substance abuse in the occurrence of intimate partner violence" American Psychological Association Violence Summit (2008)
"Alcohol and intimate partner violence: Understanding the role of drinking patterns and acute consumption" Grand Rounds, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry: Department of Psychiatry (2007)
"The role of drinking patterns and acute alcohol use in violent interpersonal behaviors." International Center for Alcohol Policies: International meeting on alcohol and violence, Washington, DC (2007)
"Excessive drinking and alcoholism: What is their role in domestic violence and parenting behavior?" Invited presentation to the International Family Violence and Child Victimization Research Conference (2007)
"Parenting and the development of behavior problems among children of alcoholic fathers." Grand Rounds: Department of Psychiatry; State University of New York at Buffalo; School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences (2005)
"The vicissitudes of substance use in marriage; husbands‘ and wives‘ influence and impact on each other" Presentation at the Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies (2005)
"Alcohol and intimate partner violence: Understanding the proximal link between drinking and episodes of violence" Presentation at Grand Rounds: Drexel University College of Medicine. (2004)
"Alcohol and intimate partner violence: Understanding the proximal and distal effects" Substance abuse and Antisocial Behavior across the Lifespan: Research Findings and Clinical Implications.; University of Toronto (2004)
"Family transitions in young adulthood: Marriage and parenting" Still at Risk for Drug Abuse: Prevention Research among Young Adults; National Institute on Drug Abuse (2004)
"Alcohol use and intimate partner violence." ; University of Alabama; Center for the Advancement of Youth Health (2003)
"Alcohol and intimate partner violence." National Institutes on Health for “Alcohol: A Women’s Health Issue”; National Institutes on Health (2003)
"Parenting and infant development in alcoholic families." National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Workshop on Gene-Environment Interactions in Alcoholism; National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (2002)
"Alcohol and domestic violence in the early years of marriage" Alcohol Training Program Symposium; Brown University (2002)
"Alcohol’s role in domestic violence: A contributing cause or an excuse?" American Psychological Association Division 50, 109th convention; American Psychological Association Division 50 (2001)
"Alcohol and domestic violence: Contributory cause or just an excuse?" ; Southern Methodist University; Psychology Department (2001)
"Prevention of alcohol-related aggression" National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Extramural Scientific Advisory Meeting: Prevention; National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (1998)
"Alcohol and marriage" NIAAA Workshop on Alcohol and the Family: Opportunities for Prevention; NIAAA (1996)
"Alcohol and the perpetration of violence" RIA Conference “Research to Practice: A Dialogue for Action: Alcohol, Drugs and Violence”.; RIA (1996)
"Alcohol, drugs, and violence." Symposium commemorating the 25th anniversary of NIAAA Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association; American Psychological Association (1995)
"Alcohol and domestic violence in the early years of marriage." ; American Society of Addiction Medicine; Substance Abuse & Domestic Violence (1995)
"Role of alcohol/other drugs in violence" Symposium Substance Abuse and Domestic Violence; Johnson Institute Foundation (1995)
"Aggression in the early years of marriage: Exploring the role of alcohol." Clinical Colloquium Series; State University of New York at Buffalo; Department of Psychiatry (1994)
"Alcohol and premarital aggression among newlywed couples." Symposium on Alcohol and Aggression; The State University of New Jersey; Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers (1992)
"Alcohol use and the transition to marriage." Transitions in Alcohol Consumption: The Third Decade of Life,; 21st Annual International Medical Advisory Conference (1992)
"Drinking patterns and intoxication in domestic violence: Review, critique, and future directions for research" NIAAA Workshop on Alcohol-Related Violence: Fostering Interdisciplinary Perspectives; NIAAA (1992)
"Family and peer influences in the development of adolescent alcohol abuse" Working Group on the Development of Alcohol-Related Problems in High-Risk Youth: Establishing Linkages Across Biogenetic and Psychosocial Domains; NIAAA (1991)
"Characteristics of aggressive-while-drinking men" Indiana University Conference for Research on Clinical Problems, Marital Violence: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives; Indiana University (1991)
"Marital intimacy and alcohol involvement in newlyweds" Symposium on Alcohol, Family, and Significant Others, sponsored by the Social Research Institute of Alcohol Studies and the Nordic Council for Alcohol and Drug Research; Social Research Institute of Alcohol Studies and the Nordic Council for Alcohol and Drug Research (1991)
"Methodological issues in the study of alcohol-related marital aggression." Indiana University Conference for Research on Clinical Problems, Marital Violence: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives; Indiana University (1991)