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Kenneth                        Leonard

Kenneth E. Leonard PhD

Department of Psychiatry

Director, Research Institute on Addictions and Professor of Psychiatry

Specialty/Research Focus

Addictions; Psychiatry

 
Professional Summary:

Research in our lab has largely focused on the bidirectional relationships between alcohol and social/interpersonal relationships. One of the specific questions that we have addressed is whether excessive alcohol use is a factor in bar violence, intimate partner violence, parenting behavior, and child outcomes. We have conducted this research on experimental, marital and parent-child interaction, event-based, and longitudinal studies and have made important theoretical and empirical contributions to our understanding of alcohol and adverse social outcomes. A second question that we have addressed is the individual difference, intimate partner, and social relationships that influenced alcohol and substance use among young adults. Our research has shown that over the transition to marriage, marital satisfaction plays a pivotal role in the reduction of heavy drinking, both directly as well as indirectly by leading to changes in the social network. Moreover, our research has demonstrated the importance of discrepant substance use patterns as predictors of marital disruptions.

Education and Training:
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, Alcohol/Psychiatric Epidemiology, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic (1984)
  • PhD, Clinical Psychology, Kent State University (1981)
  • MA, Clinical Psychology, Kent State University (1978)
  • BA, Psychology, Kent State University, Magna Cum Laude (1976)
Employment:
  • Director, Research Institute on Addictions (2011-present)
  • Research Professor, Psychiatry, University at Buffalo (1997-present)
  • Research Professor, Psychology, University at Buffalo (1986-present)
  • Senior Research Scientist, Research Institute on Addictions (Formerly Research Institute on Alcoholism) (1986-present)
  • Principal Research Associate, Family Interaction Project, University of Pittsburgh, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic (1984–1986)
  • Postdoctoral Fellow in Psychiatric/Alcohol Epidemiology, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine (1981–1984)
  • Psychological Intern, Akron Child Guidance (1979–1980)
  • Psychology Intern, Kevin Coleman Mental Health Center (1978–1979)
  • Research Assistant (with Dr. Mary Koss), Department of Psychology, Kent State University, School of Arts and Sciences (1978–1979)
  • Teaching/Research Assistant (with Dr. Hal Page), Department of Psychology, Kent State University (1977–1978)
  • Psychological Trainee, Portage Path Community Mental Health Center (1977)
  • Graduate Counselor, Counseling and Group Resources Center, Kent State University (1976–1977)
  • Research Assistant (with Dr. Stuart P. Taylor), Department of Psychology, Kent State University (1976)
See all (3 more)
Awards and Honors:
  • Josie Olympia Faculty of the Year Award, Psychiatry, University at Buffalo (2011)
  • Josie Olympia Faculty of the Year Award, Psychiatry, University at Buffalo (2008)
  • Resident Teaching Award,Resident Training Program in Psychiatry, University (2006)
  • Research and Scholarship Award, State University of New York Research Found (2006)
  • Franklin H. Knower Award, 2005 (2005)
  • Scientific Advisory Council (2004)
  • Fellow in the Division of Psychopharmacology and Substance Abuse (2002)
  • Didactic Teacher of the Year (2002)
  • MERIT Award (2002)
  • Fellow in the Division of Addictions (1996)
  • Director‘s Recognition Award (1992)

Research Expertise:
  • Addictions
  • Alcohol use, abuse, and dependence
  • Marital Violence
  • Social relationships
Grants and Sponsored Research:
  • May 2007–April 2013
    Binge Drinking in Couples and Intimate Partner Violence
    National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse
    Role: Principal Investigator
    $1,662,973
  • April 2005–March 2009
    Alcohol and Early Marriage: Spouse and Peer Influence
    NIAAA
    Role: Principal Investigator
    $962,952
  • April 2001–March 2005
    Alcohol and Early Marriage: Spouse and Peer Influence
    NIAAA
    Role: Principal Investigator
    $966,850
  • April 1996–March 2000
    Alcohol and Early Marriage: Spouse and Peer Influence
    NIAAA
    Role: Principal Investigator
    $990,971
  • January 1988–December 1993
    Frequent Heavy Drinking and Marital Violence in Newlyweds
    NIAAA
    Role: Principal Investigator
    $353,198
  • January 1986–December 1989
    Inter-generational Aspects of Serious Domestic Violence and Alcohol/Drugs
    NIJ
    Role: Co-Investigator
    $146,000
  • January 1984–December 1988
    Drinking and Alcoholism in Young Men: A National Study
    NIAAA
    Role: Co-Investigator
    $629,362

Journal Articles:
See all (120 more)

Presentations:
  • "Research on alcohol and violent behavior: Where we’ve been, where we are, and where we might go." Presentation at the 6th Annual Joint NIAAA/INSERM meeting (2010)
  • "Alcohol use and aggressive behavior among adult men and women" International Society for Research on Aggression World Meeting, International Society for Research on Aggression (2010)
  • "Alcohol as a Cause in Marital Violence; Converging Evidence from Different Methodologies" Presentation at the Brock University (2010)
  • "Gender asymmetry in the frequency of violence among mutually violent newlywed couples." National Summit on Interpersonal Violence and Abuse Across the Lifespan: Forging a Shared Agenda (2010)
  • "Alcohol’s role in domestic violence" Department of Psychiatry Grand Rounds, University of Michigan (2009)
  • "Alcohol’s role in marital violence; Converging evidence on causality and vulnerability." Presentation at the 2nd German Congress on Addiction, (2009)
  • "Intimate partner violence: Current controversies and their relevance in clinical settings" University at Buffalo Psychiatry/Medicine Update (2008)
  • "Alcohol and intimate partner violence: The converging evidence on causality and vulnerability" Annual Conference of the International Society for Research on Aggression (2008)
  • "Excessive alcohol use and intimate partner violence" Grand Rounds at the University of Connecticut, School of Medicine: Department of Psychiatry (2008)
  • "Social influences on adult substance use: Intimate partners and peers." , University of Connecticut, School of Medicine: Department of Psychiatry (2008)
  • "The role of alcohol and substance abuse in the occurrence of intimate partner violence" American Psychological Association Violence Summit (2008)
  • "Alcohol and intimate partner violence: Understanding the role of drinking patterns and acute consumption" Grand Rounds, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry: Department of Psychiatry (2007)
  • "The role of drinking patterns and acute alcohol use in violent interpersonal behaviors." International Center for Alcohol Policies: International meeting on alcohol and violence, Washington, DC (2007)
  • "Excessive drinking and alcoholism: What is their role in domestic violence and parenting behavior?" Invited presentation to the International Family Violence and Child Victimization Research Conference (2007)
  • "Parenting and the development of behavior problems among children of alcoholic fathers." Grand Rounds: Department of Psychiatry, State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences (2005)
  • "The vicissitudes of substance use in marriage; husbands‘ and wives‘ influence and impact on each other" Presentation at the Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies (2005)
  • "Alcohol and intimate partner violence: Understanding the proximal link between drinking and episodes of violence" Presentation at Grand Rounds: Drexel University College of Medicine. (2004)
  • "Alcohol and intimate partner violence: Understanding the proximal and distal effects" Substance abuse and Antisocial Behavior across the Lifespan: Research Findings and Clinical Implications., University of Toronto (2004)
  • "Family transitions in young adulthood: Marriage and parenting" Still at Risk for Drug Abuse: Prevention Research among Young Adults, National Institute on Drug Abuse (2004)
  • "Alcohol use and intimate partner violence." , University of Alabama, Center for the Advancement of Youth Health (2003)
  • "Alcohol and intimate partner violence." National Institutes on Health for “Alcohol: A Women’s Health Issue”, National Institutes on Health (2003)
  • "Parenting and infant development in alcoholic families." National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Workshop on Gene-Environment Interactions in Alcoholism, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (2002)
  • "Alcohol and domestic violence in the early years of marriage" Alcohol Training Program Symposium, Brown University (2002)
  • "Alcohol’s role in domestic violence: A contributing cause or an excuse?" American Psychological Association Division 50, 109th convention, American Psychological Association Division 50 (2001)
  • "Alcohol and domestic violence: Contributory cause or just an excuse?" , Southern Methodist University, Psychology Department (2001)
  • "Prevention of alcohol-related aggression" National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Extramural Scientific Advisory Meeting: Prevention, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (1998)
  • "Alcohol and marriage" NIAAA Workshop on Alcohol and the Family: Opportunities for Prevention, NIAAA (1996)
  • "Alcohol and the perpetration of violence" RIA Conference “Research to Practice: A Dialogue for Action: Alcohol, Drugs and Violence”., RIA (1996)
  • "Alcohol, drugs, and violence." Symposium commemorating the 25th anniversary of NIAAA Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, American Psychological Association (1995)
  • "Alcohol and domestic violence in the early years of marriage." , American Society of Addiction Medicine; Substance Abuse & Domestic Violence (1995)
  • "Role of alcohol/other drugs in violence" Symposium Substance Abuse and Domestic Violence, Johnson Institute Foundation (1995)
  • "Aggression in the early years of marriage: Exploring the role of alcohol." Clinical Colloquium Series, State University of New York at Buffalo, Department of Psychiatry (1994)
  • "Alcohol and premarital aggression among newlywed couples." Symposium on Alcohol and Aggression, The State University of New Jersey, Center of Alcohol Studies, Rutgers (1992)
  • "Alcohol use and the transition to marriage." Transitions in Alcohol Consumption: The Third Decade of Life,, 21st Annual International Medical Advisory Conference (1992)
  • "Drinking patterns and intoxication in domestic violence: Review, critique, and future directions for research" NIAAA Workshop on Alcohol-Related Violence: Fostering Interdisciplinary Perspectives, NIAAA (1992)
  • "Family and peer influences in the development of adolescent alcohol abuse" Working Group on the Development of Alcohol-Related Problems in High-Risk Youth: Establishing Linkages Across Biogenetic and Psychosocial Domains, NIAAA (1991)
  • "Characteristics of aggressive-while-drinking men" Indiana University Conference for Research on Clinical Problems, Marital Violence: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives, Indiana University (1991)
  • "Marital intimacy and alcohol involvement in newlyweds" Symposium on Alcohol, Family, and Significant Others, sponsored by the Social Research Institute of Alcohol Studies and the Nordic Council for Alcohol and Drug Research, Social Research Institute of Alcohol Studies and the Nordic Council for Alcohol and Drug Research (1991)
  • "Methodological issues in the study of alcohol-related marital aggression." Indiana University Conference for Research on Clinical Problems, Marital Violence: Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives, Indiana University (1991)
See all (29 more)
Service Activities:
  • Jacobs School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences Research Promotions; Chair (2009–2010)
  • Jacobs School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences Research Promotions; Member (2007–2010)
  • Jacobs School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences Faculty Council; Member (2003–2005)
  • Jacobs School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences Faculty Council; Alternate Member (1999–2001)

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Clinical Specialties:
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Contact Information

Research Institute on Addictions
1021 Main St
Buffalo, NY 14203
Phone: 887-2509
Fax: 887-2510
Email: kleonard@buffalo.edu


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