Faculty Council approved—11/30/2016
The Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo (Jacobs School) embraces diversity. Diversity means inclusion of individuals belonging to underrepresented races, ethnicities, genders, religions, socioeconomic statuses, gender and sexual minorities (GSM), as well as individuals with disabilities, those who have served in the military, and those with life experiences, employment and other talents and attributes that can bring added educational value to the scholarly and learning environment. The Jacobs School also uses the term “under-represented in medicine” and endorses the AAMC recommendation that medical schools shift from a national perspective to a regional or local perspective to define under-representation.
For research grants and other purposes, the National Institutes of Health defines under- represented as “racial and ethnic populations who are underrepresented in the designated health profession discipline relative to the number of individuals who are members of the population involved”. For most biomedical and behavioral research disciplines, this definition would include Blacks or African Americans, Hispanics or Latinos, American Indians, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders. Recently, GSM have also been designated as a health disparity population for NIH research. “The term GSM encompasses lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations as well as those whose sexual orientation, gender identity and expressions, or reproductive development varies from traditional, societal, cultural, or physiological norms”.
In accordance with these guidelines, the Jacobs School defines “under-represented in medicine” to include African Americans, Hispanic Americans and American Indians, along with citizens who were born and raised in rural or economically disadvantaged locales. The Jacobs School also recognizes that in certain disciplines under-representation may also impact women, veterans and persons with disabilities.
The arguments for diversity extend far beyond those that pertain to equity. Diversity programs encourage excellence and seek to enhance the learning environment for students; advance student and faculty achievement; strengthen the School’s ties to nearby communities; and, contribute in measurable ways to improving the health of the community.
AAMC Graduation Questionnaire data indicate that a majority of the Jacobs School respondents report that the diversity within their medical school classes enhances their training and skills for working with individuals from diverser backgrounds. There is persuasive evidence that recruiting a diverse student body and faculty has strong, positive effects on the quality of medical education that is provided to learners. Among many important factors, the enhanced educational outcomes may include:
These “added educational values” strengthen medical education, improve student cultural competency and better prepare graduates to deliver health care services to an increasingly diverse population. These educational benefits accrue importantly to all members of the student body.
Achieving a cadre of students, residents, faculty, senior administrative staff and staff that are representative of the diversity in society is indispensable for quality medical education. However, there are other compelling rationales. The landmark Institute of Medicine Report, Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, provided overwhelming evidence that broad disparities in health care quality and health outcomes exist. The most important is that in New York, and throughout the nation, there are growing disparities among racial, ethnic and socio-demographic groups in almost every measure of health status.
The Jacobs School seeks to attract a diverse investigator faculty, including basic and clinician scientists, in order to accelerate the pace of medical, scientific, public health and health services discoveries that bear directly on health disparities and other health concerns of under-served populations. We agree that much more research is needed to better explain the well-documented race-associated differences in health outcomes. We endorse the Sullivan Commission recommendation that public and private funding agencies increase funding for research not only about racial disparities in health status and health care, but also about culturally competent care, ways to measure and eliminate racial bias and stereotyping and strategies for increasing positive health behaviors among racial and ethnic groups. Further, Jacobs School endorses that these principals should be applied to all other aspects of diversity.
The Jacobs School acknowledges that there are a number of obstacles to recruiting a diverse pool of applicants. In an effort to continue to provide promising under-represented in medicine candidates the necessary tools for success in medical school and beyond, the Jacobs School sponsors the Associated Medical Schools of New York- SUNY at Buffalo Post Baccalaureate Program. Additionally, an Early Opportunity Program in Medicine (EOPIM) has been instituted that enrolls talented under-represented in medicine college sophomores from our partner institutions to participate in a structured, mentored, program prior to entering medical school. To address financial barriers, a directory of available scholarship opportunities has been compiled and distributed to the incoming medical school class. Faculty, staff and medical students are available to provide mentorship and guidance to facilitate the admissions process.
The Jacobs School seeks to enroll a highly able and qualified student body, richly diverse across racial, ethnic, socio-demographic and geographic lines and reflecting a wide variety of experiences, personal interests and academic goals. Admission remains highly competitive. Students are evaluated on the basis of academic and personal achievement, intellectual promise, industriousness, obstacles overcome, commitment to service, compassion, communication skills, potential for leadership and other personal characteristics. The Jacobs School considers all of these factors, along with Medical College Admission Test scores and grades, in an individualized, holistic evaluation of each applicant. Admission is offered to those applicants judged to have the most promise for success as medical professionals and leaders who can contribute most to the learning environment and intellectual diversity of the Jacobs School.
The Jacobs School Admissions Committee adopted a formal policy to guide the evaluation of medical school applicants and the selection of each incoming class (Admissions Policy; available on the Jacobs School website). This holistic review employs a three-step process that includes an Admission Screening Sub-Committee, an Admissions Interview Subcommittee and an Admissions Selection Subcommittee. Each step in the process contributes to the selection of students who are well-positioned to contribute to and benefit from a unique learning experience that will prepare them to meet the diverse needs and expectations of their future patients.
The Jacobs School is committed to creating a workforce and a working environment dedicated to excellence, equity and mutual respect representative of the diverse community we serve. The commitment aims to ensure that all academic and support staff are treated fairly and equitably.
Mirroring the goals for student diversity, the Jacobs School seeks to hire faculty, senior administrative staff and support staff members from diverse racial, ethnic, socio- demographic and geographic backgrounds, with a variety of personal experiences, interests and academic goals:
To meet its diversity goals, the Jacobs School focuses on both recruitment and retention. The Jacobs School supports and mentors faculty, especially early in their careers. Efforts are made to guard against isolation of under-represented in medicine faculty within the institution by creating a welcoming and inclusive environment where all have the same opportunities and are expected to meet their responsibilities with pride and enthusiasm. The Jacobs School acts to ensure that resources are available to facilitate connections between under-represented in medicine faculty with successful role models and mentors. The Jacobs School offers leadership training which is essential at intermediate stages of faculty development, develops programs to ensure that under-represented in medicine faculty connect with their school, university and community. The Jacobs School is committed to guarding against over committing under-represented in medicine faculty to task forces and committees that need “representation.”
The EDI at UB serves as technical assistant and historian in the procedure to recruit, select, and hire faculty and professional/non-faculty staff. The EDI continually expands and updates its resources of directories and bibliographies of publications and organizations that have the attention of under-represented populations and women. The EDI has assembled a variety of recruitment resources that are made available to search committees at the initiation of a search. The goal of all affirmative action searches at UB is to increase recruitment and hiring of diverse populations, including those who are under-represented in medicine and on the campus at large. These efforts supplement the traditional procedures of advertising through newspapers, professional journals, conferences, and form announcements. As a state institution, Jacobs School complies with New York State civil service statutes and regulations and the relevant collective bargaining agreements in the recruitment and hiring of faculty and staff.
The Jacobs School Faculty Council supports the initiatives to increase diversity among students, faculty and staff through regular periodic reviews by the Diversity Policy Committee.