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David                          Shucard

David W. Shucard PhD FAASM

Department of Neurology

Professor and Director, Division of Cognitive and Behavioral Neurosciences

 
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Professional Summary:

I am the director of the Division of Cognitive and Behavioral Neurosciences in the Department of Neurology. I founded the Neurodiagnostic Laboratory at Buffalo General Hospital and I was the associate director of the Sleep Disorder Center of Western New York. I am a Diplomate in the American Board of Sleep Medicine and a Fellow in the American Psychological Association.

My research is in the area of cognitive and behavioral neuroscience with particular interest in the neurophysiological basis of cognitive functioning, intellectual abilities, attention, and the role of sleep and sleep disorders, such as apnea, on neurocognitive functioning. The major methodological approach used in my laboratory is a combination of electrophysiological (mainly event-related brain potentials), neuropsychological, and other behavioral methods. Collaborative positron emission tomography (PET) and MRI studies have also been conducted in combination with electrophysiology. Both clinical and nonclinical populations are being studied. Populations studied have included infants, children, and adults, as well as animals. Recent work with clinical populations has focused on cognitive disturbances in autoimmune disorders such as Multiple Sclerosis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Also, recent research has been directed at brain mechanisms of cognitive control such as conflict resolution and response inhibition. The development of novel electrophysiological markers of neural efficiency and cognitive function via state-of-the art dense electrophysiological techniques is also a focus of the research. In general, the research takes a systems approach to understanding cognitive functioning.

Research and clinical training/teaching are important functions of the division. Over the years, our laboratory has mentored and trained undergraduate and graduate students, medical students, medical residents, and neuropsychology postdoctoral fellows/residents. Because of the scope of clinical and research areas housed within the Division, and the availability of collaborative possibilities, unique opportunities are present for training and for examining research questions in new and creative ways.

Education and Training:
  • PhD, Psychophysiology/Experimental Psychology, University of Denver (1969)
  • MS, Zoology, University of Denver (1967)
  • BA, Zoology, Chemistry, Literature, University of Colorado (1962)
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, cognitive neuroscience, animal and human neurophysiology, and clinical elec, University of California, Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute and Stanford University
Employment:
  • Professor, Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo (1989-present)
  • Founder/Director, Division of Cognitive and Behavioral Neurosciences, Neurology, University ar Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences (1985-present)
  • Professor, Department of Neurology, University ar Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences (1985-present)
  • Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University ar Buffalo School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences (1985-present)
  • Associate Center Director, Sleep Disorder Center of Western NY, Millard Fillmore Hospital (1998–2008)
  • Founder/Director Neurodiagnostic Laboratory, Neurology, Buffalo General Hospital (1985–2005)
  • Director, Center for the Study of the Beiobehavioral and Social Aspects of Health, University at Buffalo (1992–1996)
  • Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine (1984–1985)
  • Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Denver (1979–1985)
  • Teaching Faculty, School of Professional Psychology, University of Denver, School of Professional Psychology (1979–1985)
  • Founder/Director, Brain Sciences Laboratories, Pediatrics, National Jewish Hospital and Research Center (1976–1985)
  • Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine, School of Medicine (1978–1984)
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Denver (1975–1979)
  • Professional Staff, National Jewish Hospital and Research Center, Behavioral Science, National Jewish Hospital and Research Center (1971–1976)
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine, School of Medicine (1971–1976)
See All (15 Total) >

Research Expertise:
  • Cognitive and behavioral neurosciences: Study the relationships between behavioral and biological variables, with an emphasis on the neurophysiology of the brain as the dependent measure
  • Cognitive disturbances in Multiple Sclerosis, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, and PTSD
  • Cognitive processes: Neurophysiology associated with cognitive processes such as working memory and attention; information processing; intellectual abilities; learning disorders; intellectual/cognitive development; language development; psychological disorders; drug effects; and immunological reactions
  • EEG
  • Electrophysiological, behavioral, neuropsychological, immunological, biochemical, and neuroimaging: Techniques used
  • Evoked Potentials
  • Nervous system of both animals and humans
  • Neuropsychology
  • Polysomnography (Sleep Medicine)
Grants and Sponsored Research:
  • January 2006–January 2011
    Neurological indices of CNS involvement in non-CNS SLE
    NIH
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator
    $1,200,000
  • January 1990–January 1995
    Sex Hormones in Neurocognitive Development in Turner Syndrome
    National Institutes of Health
    Role: Principal Investigator
    $244,739

Journal Articles:
See All (85 Total) >
Books and Book Chapters:
  • Shucard D, Parmenter B., El-Sohl A.. Computer analysis of sleep studies. 2006; 6.
  • Shucard DW, McGee M.G., Cummins K.R., Minarick D.D., Hill J.C.. Patterns of electrophysiological activity in normal and disabled readers. 1989.
  • Shucard DW, Shucard JL, Thomas D.G.. Sex differences in the patterns of scalp-recorded electrophysiological activity in infancy: Possible implications for language development. 1987.
  • Shucard DW, Cummins K.R., Gay E.. Electrophysiological studies of reading disabled children: In search of subtypes. 1985.
  • Shucard DW, Shucard JL, Thomas D.G.. The development of cerebral specialization in infants: Electrophysiological and behavioral studies. 1984.
  • Crnic L., Reite M.L., Shucard DW. Animal models of human behavior: Their application to the study of attachment. 1982.
  • Selinger M., Shucard DW, Prescott T.. Relationships between behavioral and electrophysiological measures of auditory comprehension. 1980.

Service Activities:
  • Faculty Senate; Member (2000)
  • School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences Admissions Committee; Member (1999)
  • School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences Faculty Council Steering Committee; Member (1999)
  • Neurology, School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences Promotions; Member (1996)
  • Neurology, School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences Resident Review/Advisory; Member (1986)

Clinical Specialties:
Clinical Offices:
Insurance Accepted:

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Contact Information

Department of Neurology
Division of Cognitive and Behavioral Neurosciences
Sherman Hall Rm 114A
Buffalo, NY 14214
Phone: (716) 829-2099
Email: dshucard@buffalo.edu


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