Oishei Children’s Hospital

This hospital is the regional center for comprehensive and state-of-the-art pediatric, neonatal, perinatal and obstetrical services in Western New York and beyond.

Oishei Children's Hospital.

Oishei Children’s Hospital has achieved national recognition, with U.S. News and World Report ranking it among the top 20 pediatric hospitals in the country.

This modern pediatric acute and emergency care center provides diagnostic and treatment services to Western New York youth experiencing emotional and/or behavioral disturbances or family relationship problems. It offers a full range of medical and surgical services for children as well as comprehensive women’s health services.

A Level I Pediatric Trauma Center - one of only six in New York State - Oishei can accommodate 185 inpatients, including medical/surgical, ICU and neonatal patients, and adult maternity patients. The hospital admits nearly 28,000 patients annually and treats 123,000 patients in the emergency department or one of its 45 specialty clinics.

Our comprehensive child neurology program is housed here. Our residents share a designated room with computers, where they can access patient imaging, labs and electroencephalograms. Our residents also have ready access to a conference room and can conduct research in a specialized child neurology library.


Oishei is your main training site, where you will complete all of your child neurology inpatient and elective rotations.

You will share inpatients with pediatric residents, covering different floors, and will work closely with neurosurgeons, who routinely request neurological consultations for brain tumors and developmental anomalies.

You also will gain experience caring for outpatients in specialized ambulatory clinics as well as a general continuity clinic.

You will focus in part on the treatment and evaluation of epilepsy, including electroencephalography (EEG) and evoked potentials. You also may be exposed to pediatric rehabilitation or focus on neuroimaging, if you choose these elective experiences.

Through our strong didactic program, you will actively participate in daily rounds and weekly child neurology conferences. You also will learn about the basic science underlying EEG as well as normal and abnormal development of the nervous system.

Once each week, you will participate in special child neurology meetings here. These alternate as child neurology journal clubs, EEG/neuroimaging reviews and case presentations.

Specialized Facilities

Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

18-bed unit

Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

50-bed unit

Epilepsy Center and Long-Term Monitoring Unit

Our Level 4 epilepsy center — the highest designation of the National Association of Epilepsy Centers — offers the broadest range of complex medical and surgical treatments for epilepsy. Housed in a renovated eight-bed unit serving adult and pediatric patients throughout the region, the center features single rooms that can accommodate family members.

It is staffed by an interdisciplinary team of neurologists, technicians, nurses and psychiatrists — all with expertise in epilepsy.

They provide intensive neurodiagnostic monitoring, as well as extensive medical, neuropsychological and psychosocial treatment and complete evaluations.

Patients can be recorded on video while brain activity is monitored 24 hours a day on electroencephalography (EEG). A daytime play area is equipped with EEG hook-ups and continuous video monitoring.

You will have the opportunity to learn state-of-the-art diagnostic and treatment procedures utilizing:

  • polysomography (sleep lab)
  • routine and complex video electroencephalogram
  • various types of evoked potentials involving brainstem auditory, visual (both flash and pattern) and somatosensory evoked responses 
  • ambulatory EEG
  • intraoperative monitoring

Our Pediatric MS Center of Excellence takes a multidisciplinary approach to providing comprehensive care to children and adolescents with demyelinating conditions, including multiple sclerosis (MS), acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), optic neuritis, transverse myelitis and neuromyelitis optica (Devic’s disease).

Located in a newly renovated wing of the hospital, the center offers services ranging from initial consultation and diagnosis to treatment and rehabilitation. Our team of dedicated specialists includes:

  • pediatric and adult neurologists with expertise in demyelinating conditions
  • pediatric physical, occupational and speech therapists
  • social worker
  • multiple sclerosis nurse
  • neuropsychologist
  • pediatric neuroradiologist

Neuro-ophthalmologic services also are available.

One of the first six centers in the nation designated by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, our center is now part of a nine-center national network engaged in cutting-edge research.

The entire network collaborates to gain a better understanding of pediatric MS and provide efficacious therapies and the highest standards of treatment for children.

Our multidisciplinary studies have focused on genetic and environmental risk factors for MS gut microbiome; the cognitive status of children who have MS or have had an ADEM event; and volume changes in the brain’s thalamus region.

Our researchers also are taking the lead in conducting a network-wide prospective MRI analysis.

This medically-based center for autism spectrum disorders is among the first in the United States to diagnose and treat children using a family-focused, multidisciplinary approach.

It is also the only one of its kind in Western New York.

The center’s one-stop, team-based approach to evaluation allows children to receive developmental, neurological and psychological assessments in one visit. The interprofessional team discusses the child and determines the diagnosis or need for additional testing or services. A social worker and nurse also are on staff.

A joint effort of UB and the hospital, the center operates two weekly evaluation clinics, allowing for the diagnosis of more than 450 children annually. Clinic sites are located in Buffalo (140 Hodge St.) and suburban Amherst (4955 North Bailey Ave.).

The center also offers crucial support for patients and their families, including monthly parent groups, sessions for families of newly diagnosed patients and resources.

At this specialized center, operated in conjunction with the UB Department of Pediatrics, you will attend multidisciplinary clinics for children with spasticity, spina bifida and developmental delay.

The center provides comprehensive rehabilitation services, including diagnosis, evaluation and therapy, to children with known or suspected disabilities in Western New York and surrounding areas.

An interdisciplinary team of specialists collaborates to provide family-focused care and connect patients with community resources.


Faculty and Staff

  • 6 full-time faculty members
  • child neurologists
  • radiologists, including pediatric neuroradiology experts

Patient Population

  • pediatric inpatients and outpatients of all ages
  • maternity and high-risk maternity patients
  • 1,000 critically ill full-term or premature newborns per year
  • patients drawn from throughout Upstate New York
  • eight child neurology beds
  • average daily child neurology census: 6
  • 51 percent male/49 percent female
  • mainly lower socioeconomic status
  • many unique ethnic and national populations, including Amish patients
  • diverse cultures/socioeconomic status
  • Admitted to child neurology services: 527/year; approx. one half receive resident care
  • 4,000 outpatient visits per year

Top Child Neurology Diagnoses

  • epilepsy
  • other (genetic disorders, developmental defects, perinatal insults, etc.)
  • psychiatric conditions
  • syncope and other alterations of consciousness
  • Outpatient: epilepsy, pain disorders, degenerative diseases, movement disorders

Care Team (Monthly Average)

  • Attending physician – 1
  • Child neurology residents – 2 (1 senior)
  • Adult neurology/pediatric residents – 2 - 3
  • Medical students – 2 - 3